1. With organic gardening, fewer pesticides and chemical fertilizers are released into the environment, and humans are not exposed to potentially toxic chemicals.
2. Organic gardens reduce chemical runoff. Two tools in traditional are pesticides and chemical fertilizers. When you spray pesticides, the food you spray them on absorb some and you can ingest those chemicals when you eat the food. Some of the pesticides also go into the soil, where they can kill the soil microbes that form the basis of your garden ecosystem. Then you have chemical fertilizers, which do nothing for the soil texture and do little to build the long term nutrient capacity of the soil. These fertilizers give plants a quick boost and then wash off the top of the soil.
Food and lawn waste makes up 25% of all waste in landfills. These natural materials are biodegradable, but they do not break down in landfills properly because they are so densely packed with other waste, and the biodegradable waste needs oxygen to properly break down.
When you stop thinking of yard waste and kitchen scraps as garbage, you realize it could be re-used as food for your garden! Composting is the most natural and beneficial thing we can do for our gardens, flowers, vegetable plants, and trees. Composting will help balance your soil’s texture and restore nutrients.
Anyone can compost, whether you live on a 500 acre farm or in a 500 square foot apartment! As a general rule, if it comes from a plant, you can compost it. Here are lists of what you can and cannot compost to get you started.